Cilt 4 Sayı 2 Makale 4

Türkiye’nin Çevre Mevzuatına Tüm Politikalarda Sağlık Merceğinden Bir Bakış

Yazar(lar): Talha Kemal Koçak 1, Göze Özlem Karaca 2, İzzettin Acar 3, İbrahim Kırbaş 4, Emre Erez 5, Murat Şahan 6,

Tüm Politikalarda Sağlık (TPS) devlet politikalarında, geniş kapsamlı şehir projelerinde ve yasal düzenlemelerde halk sağlığı ve eşitliğini çekirdeğe yerleştirmeyi hedef alan bir yaklaşımdır. Bu yaklaşım uluslararası düzeyde birçok ülke tarafından kullanılmaktadır. Ülkemizde çevresel konuların sürdürülebilir bir biçimde yönetilmesini düzenleyen “çevre mevzuatı” ise halk sağlığının korunması için kritik bir öneme sahiptir. Bu sebeple bu çalışmada çevre mevzuatı TPS çerçevesinden incelenerek, halk sağlığı ve eşitlik açısından güçlü ve geliştirilebilir taraflarının tespit edilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Sistematik derleme metodu olarak çevre bilimlerinde kullanımı yaygın görülen PSALSAR (protokol, araştırma, değer biçme, sentez, analiz ve rapor etme) yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Bu kapsamda TPS dokümanları (hakemli makaleler, raporlar, rehberler ve kitaplar) ve çevre mevzuatına bağlı yönetmelikler taranmıştır. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre çevre mevzuatı; halk sağlığını korumayı çekirdeğine yerleştirebilmiş, çevresel konularda çok sektörlü ortaklığı teşvik eden bir mevzuattır. Ayrıca mevzuat, Türkiye’de çevresel adaleti güçlendirebilecek ve çevresel adalet konularında halk da dâhil tüm paydaşları bilinçlendirebilecek bir potansiyele sahiptir. Çalışmanın sonunda bu potansiyelden yola çıkılarak çevresel adaleti güçlendirebilecek öneriler sunulmuştur.



Anahtar Kelime(ler): Tüm politikalarda sağlık, çevre mevzuatı, halk sağlığı, çevresel adalet,

Health in All Policies (HiAP) is an approach that aims to put public health and equity at the core in government policies, large-scale city projects and legal regulations. This approach is used by many countries at international level. "Environmental legislation", which regulates the sustainable management of environmental issues in Turkey, is crucial for the protection of public health. For this reason, in this study, it is aimed to determine the strong and developable sides of the environmental legislation in terms of public health and equality by examining the environmental legislation from the HiAP perspective. As a systematic review method, PSALSAR (protocol, search, appraisal, synthesis, analysis and report) method, which is widely used in environmental sciences, was used. In this context, HiAP documents (peer-reviewed journal articles, reports and guides) and regulations related to environmental legislation were reviewed. According to the review results, environmental legislation in Turkey puts the protection of public health at its core and promotes multi-sectoral partnership in environmental issues. İn addition, the legislation has a potential which can strengthen environmental justice in Turkey and raise awareness about environmental justice to all stakeholders including the public. At the end of this study, suggestions that can strengthen environmental justice are presented based on this potential.



Keyword(s):

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KAYNAK GÖSTER

Atıf tipi: APATalha Kemal Koçak, Göze Özlem Karaca, İzzettin Acar, İbrahim Kırbaş, Emre Erez, Murat Şahan. (2021). Türkiye’nin Çevre Mevzuatına Tüm Politikalarda Sağlık Merceğinden Bir Bakış. Ulusal Çevre Bilimleri Araştırma Dergisi, 4 ( 2 ) , 82-98. http://ucbad.com/volume-4/issue-2/article-4/
Atıf tipi: BibTex@article{2021, title={Türkiye’nin Çevre Mevzuatına Tüm Politikalarda Sağlık Merceğinden Bir Bakış}, volume={4}, number={2}, publisher={International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling}, author={Talha Kemal Koçak, Göze Özlem Karaca, İzzettin Acar, İbrahim Kırbaş, Emre Erez, Murat Şahan}, year={2021}, pages={82-98} }
Atıf tipi: MLATalha Kemal Koçak, Göze Özlem Karaca, İzzettin Acar, İbrahim Kırbaş, Emre Erez, Murat Şahan. Türkiye’nin Çevre Mevzuatına Tüm Politikalarda Sağlık Merceğinden Bir Bakış. no. 4 International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling, (2021), pp. 82-98.